Comparing Division IA Scholarship and Non-Scholarship Student-Athletes: A Discriminant Analysis
Lisa M. Rubin - University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Vicki J. Rosser - University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Pages 43 - 64
Abstract | Show/Hide
Many research studies have examined the academic performance and graduation rates of college student-athletes. The limited focus on scholarship student-athletes has overlooked the majority of NCAA student-athletes, those participating in collegiate athletic programs without athletic scholarships. This study examined the academic performance, time-to-degree, and demographic and profile characteristics of Division IA scholarship and non-scholarship student-athletes. The theoretical framework for this study was work motivation viewing athletic scholarships as extrinsic rewards. The researchers applied descriptive discriminant analysis (DDA) utilizing secondary data to compare scholarship and non-scholarship student-athletes across several variables.
A discriminant function analysis revealed that non-scholarship student-athletes were described by the variables of sport (Women’s Outdoor Track and Field), race (Asian, White), sport type (Individual), and sex (Female). Non-Scholarship student-athletes had higher grade point averages than scholarship student-athletes. The scholarship student-athlete group was described by race (Black), sport (Football, Men’s Basketball, Women’s Basketball), sport type (Team), and sex (Male). Scholarship student-athletes graduated in fewer semesters than non-scholarship student-athletes did. This finding suggests that academic performance and time-to-degree variables are inversely related based on scholarship status. The results of the study showed significant differences between the scholarship and non-scholarship student-athlete groups based on demographic, academic performance, and time-to-degree variables.
Self-Efficacy in Intercollegiate Athletes
Bryan L. Shelangoski - University of Louisville
Marion E. Hambrick - University of Louisville
Jacob P. Gross - University of Louisville
Jonetta D. Weber - University of Louisville
Pages 17 - 42
Abstract | Show/Hide
The purpose of this study was to understand Bandura’s (1977) self-efficacy and Vealey’s (1986) sport confidence implications on collegiate athletes and to explore gender, playing experience, and class status (e.g., first year, sophomore) differences related to self-efficacy in these student-athletes. The study attempted to fill two major gaps in previous research: (a) understanding the relationships of gender, playing experience, and class status on self-efficacy, specifically by analyzing a variety of sports; and (b) expanding upon previous research studies by increasing the generalizability and external validity of the existing self-efficacy theories. The results of the study indicated that student-athletes had high levels of self-efficacy; that males possessed higher levels than females; that more playing experience did not predict higher levels of self-efficacy; and finally, that student-athletes became more self-efficacious as their class status increased (i.e., progressed). Theoretical and practical implications of the study’s findings will be discussed.
Effects of Intercollegiate Athletics on Private Giving in Higher Education
Gi-Yong Koo - Troy University
Stephen W. Dittmore - University of Arkansas
Pages 1 - 16
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The success of intercollegiate athletics has been recognized as a powerful communication tool to enhance the university profile while an ongoing controversy regarding financial benefits of intercollegiate athletics still exists. Previous research focused primarily on the role of successful athletic programs in either alumni giving or total giving, rather than examining the relationship between academic and athletic giving. There is a need for research taking the direct association between athletic success and athletic giving into account when explaining the relationship between athletic giving and academic giving. The purpose of the study was, therefore, two-fold: to examine whether athletic giving is associated with success in intercollegiate athletic programs; and to explore whether athletic giving crowds out academic giving. A longitudinal design with panel data, including 155 Division I, II, and III universities that have fielded both football and basketball teams over a 10 year period from 2002-2003 to 2011-2012, was employed. Findings evidently supported spillover effects of athletic giving on academic giving rather than crowding out effect. As private giving is becoming one of the most critical financial resources, this study could assist administrators in both academics and athletics to build an optimal sharing structure of their financial resources.
Cheating the Spread: Gamblers, Point Shavers, and Game Fixers in College Football and Basketball
By Albert Figone. Published 2012 by University of Illinois Press, Champaign, IL. (216 pages).
- Reviewed by Jordan Bass, Ph.D. - University of Kansas
- Pages v-vi
Saturday Millionaires: How Winning Football Builds Winning Colleges
By Kristi Dosh. Published 2013 by Wiley, New York, NY. (288 pages).
- Reviewed by Terence Eddy, Ph.D. - St. John’s University
- Pages i-iv