Organizational Justice Perceptions among Coaches of Revenue and Non Revenue Intercollegiate Male Sports

Dustin F. Thorn – Xavier University
T. Christopher Greenwell – University of Louisville
Mary A. Hums – University of Louisville
Daniel F. Mahony – Winthrop University


The present study examined the perceptions of organizational justice components among intercollegiate male sport coaches. This study expanded the literature on organizational justice by examining perceptional differences among coaches of different sport types, NCAA Divisions, and coaching positions on organizational justice components. Perceptions of three organizational justice components were gathered from head and assistant coaches of NCAA Division I and III baseball, men’s basketball, and wrestling programs competing in NCAA Divisions I and III. A 3x2x2 factorial multivariate analysis of variance found significant interactional effects existed between sport and NCAA Division and sport and job title on coaches’ perceptions of organizational justice. The study also provided support for using interactional justice as an independent component of organizational justice within the intercollegiate athletics setting. The study results have implications for intercollegiate athletic decision makers developing (a) organizational approaches to decision making that focus on procedures and interaction with coaches, (b) systems for monitoring organizational justice, and (c) approaches to working with coaches based on the revenue generation of their sport.